• Mineral Carbonation International

    Mineral Carbonation International (MCi) is an Australian clean technology initiative based in Canberra that
    operates a mineral carbonation pilot plant in Newcastle (New South Wales). We utilise carbon engineering to
    transform CO2 emissions from any industrial source into a bulk materials resource that can be used to
    manufacture a range of valuable building and construction products.


    Our technology provides a modern decarbonisation solution that is not reliant
    upon carbon pricing, offsets or subsidies.


    The impact of decarbonisation is twofold, as CO2 is actively removed from the atmosphere then utilised as a key resource in newly developed products that provide an alternative to existing emissions-intensive options - such as cements, plasterboards, binders and pavers. MCi has successfully developed an adaptable and scalable platform to support the decarbonisation of industries such as resource mining, steel production, cement manufacturing,
    hydrogen and chemical production.


    In 2019, following a successful 7-year period of research funded by Australian Governments and industry partners, we began our commercialisation process. The solid technical and economic validation we've received has paved the way for our ongoing engagement with a range of national and international customers and partners.


    We lock away CO2 safely and permanently.

  • The MCi Research Pilot Plant Team at University of Newcaastle

    MCi and carbon utilisation

    Mineral Carbonation International (MCi) is an Australian based privately held company which is developing technology for carbon utilisation (CU). Its priority is to develop the technology platform for large scale transformation of CO2 into valuable products by combining with minerals or waste streams through an accelerated natural process called mineral carbonation.

    Now as we scale this would assist as a transition technology for the major emitting industries as they move away from high carbon emissions to sustainable energy mixes and near zero carbon emissions.

    It is estimated that the market for carbon utilisation in industry is US$1trillion in the US and US$6Trillion globally. Source: Carbon180

  • Dr Geoff Brent, Dr. Klaus Lackner and CEO Marcus Dawe at Columbia University

    Our story

    MCi was founded in 2013 after 6 years of independent research by its founders GreenMag Group and Orica. The Australian Commonwealth and NSW Governments committed $3.04M in grants to the MCi program following public funding processes which were matched by Orica Ltd as the industry funder.
    MCi's headquarters are in Canberra and its research and technical facilities are located at the Newcastle Institute for Energy Research (NIER) where it operates its pilot plant facility.
    In 2017 MCi won further Commonwealth Government funding towards a $8.3M program to advance the pilot program towards industrial applications by taking CO2 from raw flue gas as a CO2 capture process path from cement and steel industries as well as fossil fuel energy generators. Now with solid techno-economics and a substantial portfolio of IP, MCi is commercialising its technology.

  • Launch video

    Our launch video from 2013 explains mineral carbonation,
    which is the acceleration of a naturally occuring geological process.

  • The MCi platform

    First experimental cement bricks produced with CO2 in MCi's process

    Our approach

    Developing a large scale solution to climate change requires sponsors and stakeholder support in government, industry, research, media and the public interest. Our Team is multi-disciplinary and draws on talents in research, chemical engineering, policy, business, communications and management. We have progressed through the Technology Readiness Levels (TRL) by consistently taking a methodical approach to innovation, experiments, design, construction and testing. We are focussed on reducing technical risks and developing the economic models that will allow for the widespread adoption for our technology globally.

    MCi's carbon reactor

    Our technology

    MCi has now designed and built three carbon reactor systems including its flagship, a purpose built generalised continuous research pilot plant. It was publicly launched by the NSW Minister for Energy and Resources along with industry and climate change think tanks and national media in July 2017.

    This is the first such build of a purpose designed research pilot plant for CO2 mineral carbonation beyond laboratory scale in the world. Importantly it has allowed us to progress the science and engineering towards establishing the commercial feasibility of mineral carbonation as a carbon utilisation solution for industry without the need for a carbon price. Read New Scientist Article

    Pilot Plant is located in Newcastle Australia.

    Our IP

    MCi developed its program under research commercial secrecy. This has enabled us to build considerable knowhow in the newly emerging field of carbon utilisation. We have investigated many process routes including those with favourable economics into our technology stack.

    All our IP is backed by lifecycle analysis and industry economic models. Our R&D has been developed under the observation and peer review of government and industry funders. We hold several key patents throughout the world, however in order to maintain the integrity of intellectual property much of our technology stack and specialist knowledge is not publicly disclosed or published.

    Our progress

    Our team receives advice and direction from some of the most noted leaders in our field. Over the past 12 years we have developed a unique technology platform. Our focus for the past
    8 years has been our pilot plant program.

    We are now working with industry customers to identify demonstration plant sites capable of processing around 20,000 tonnes of CO2 annually - with the potential to scale to several million tonnes of CO2 per plant annually.

    Our industry

    Advanced carbonation has become an important field of research and development, which differentiates itself as a carbon utilisation technology. In terms of carbon utilisation, value rather than cost is the key driver. How much value can we create from a tonne of
    CO2 on scale?

    Our work and our technology is completely different to that being developed in the carbon capture and storage (CCS) or the geo-sequestration field. Our field of science and engineering is beginning to attract significant funding from national governments in the UK, EU, Canada, Singapore, Finland, Holland, South Africa and China. The 2018 we joined a number of the world's leading researchers in Newcastle, Australia, to share our insights at the International Conference on Accelerated Carbonation for Environmental and Material Engineering (ACEME).

  • Our team

    Marcus Dawe

    CEO & Managing Director

    GreenMag Group CEO
    & Co-Founder.

    Uwe Boettcher


    Jez Smith

    Non-executive Director

    Orica Chief Scientist (Emeritus).

    Sophia Hamblin Wang

    Chief Operating Officer

    Director and Co-founder of
    Carbon Value Australia. Member of the ACT Climate Change Council.

    Dr. Mark Rayson

    Chief Technology Officer

    Orica Senior Scientist
    and Chemical Engineer.

    Dr. Geoff Brent

    Chief Scientist

    Orica Senior Scientist
    and Chemical Engineer.

    Jan-Dirk Prigge

    Chief Engineer

    Program Manager for
    The University of Newcastle Research Associates Ltd (TUNRA).

    Scott Molloy

    Technical Consultant

    Project Advisor for the
    Newcastle Institute for Energy
    and Resources (NIER). Technical Officer at the University of Newcastle.

    Andrew Wells

    Chief Financial Officer
    & Company Secretary

  • Work with us

    Signing of a partnership in Singapore with ACT Chief Minister Andrew Barr officiating.

    Industry partnerships

    Our technology can create valuable products from
    CO2 and flue gas streams by using mineral feedstocks. In fact
    MCi has the capability to carbonate a range
    of source feedstock materials at a large scale (kgs/tonnes).
    We continue to seek partnerships with companies in sectors such as: cement, steel, waste processing, engineering, power generation, oil & gas, chemicals & explosives and resource mining. We are also developing pre-feasibility studies for regional solutions and can validate existing lab scale tests at a pilot scale, to assess the techno-economic viability of bulk material production. Contact us directly if you would like to discuss specific partnership options.

    Our researchers

    Our researchers

    Our core research team is based at the University of Newcastle in Australia. Our lead investigators, post-docs, and PhD students continue to work on the fundamental research themes that support our technology development. Our industrial scientists, process and chemical engineers bring industrial rigour, experience and implementation science to our work. We collaborate with a number of research organisations, including the University of Sydney (Australia), Columbia University (United States)
    and A*Star (Singapore).

    Our funders and collaborators at public unveiling


    We actively welcome all solutions to CO2 utilisation. Without collaboration there is no market. A number of the market's pioneers are conducting work that compliments MCi's own platform, such as Carbon8 in the UK which has managed to profitably process
    air pollution residues into aggregates. While being a pollution management solution, the process uses
    CO2 as the transformation agent. Many cement and concrete solutions are also being developed
    via the utilisation of CO2.


    We believe all climate solutions should maintain a social license from their inception. MCi engages with many environmental groups and think tanks, both nationally and internationally. We also provide briefings to other stakeholders, such as state/national governments and a range of industries, on the lifecycle impact of our technology platform. This includes the wider implications of decarbonising key sectors and creating value from CO2. Contact us directly if you would like to discuss our environmental and sustainability agenda.

  • News

    30 June 2020:

    Recycling CO2

    CO2 Value Australia (Sophia Hamblin Wang), CO2 Value Europe (Dr. Stefanie Kesting), and Global CO2 Initiative (Volker Sick) share their common vision in this position paper, which highlights the value of technologies which use CO2 as a material component to make valuable products.

    25 June 2020:

    Can Australia's emission reduction journey lead
    to economic growth?

    Do you follow us on LinkedIn? Check out our CEO Marcus Dawe's latest article in response to the Australian Government's Technology Investment Roadmap Discussion Paper.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    17 June 2020:

    Asia Society features Sophia Hamblin Wang as
    Disruptive Asia author

    Great to see our COO Sophia Hamblin Wang invited by the Asia Society to contribute an article to the Disruptive Asia series. Her article "Creating Value in CO2" looks at ways in which Australia can support its regional trade partners to decarbonise profitably.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    1 June 2020:

    Q+A: Australia's
    Energy Future

    This episode of Q+A looked at responses to the Australian Government's Technology Investment Roadmap Discussion Paper. The participants were Sophia Hamblin Wang,
    Matt Canavan, Zali Steggall,
    Joel Fitzgibbon and
    Zoe Whitton.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    4 May 2020:

    Sophia chats with podcast host Osher Gunsberg

    Osher Gunsberg has an in-depth conversation with Sophia about a range of topics, including the establishment of MCi as a clean tech company, how she built her capacity as Chief Operations Officer and the early R&D phase. Interview begins from timecode 14:30.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    2 May 2020:

    MCi featured on
    Sky News

    Sophia continues to be in demand with the national and international press. Check out her latest interview with Sky News.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    20 March 2020:

    Sophia featured as
    The Deal cover story

    Technology Editor David Swan interviews Sophia about her path to becoming COO of MCi and the potential for carbon utilisation technology.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    10 February 2020:

    Q+A: Climate Solutions

    This episode of Q+A looked at Australian responses to climate change in the face of energy requirements and clean tech developments. The participants were Sophia Hamblin Wang, Jennifer Westacott, Osher Gunsberg, Martijn Wilder and Matthew Evans.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    26 January 2020:

    Australia Day at Davos2020

    Our COO Sophia Hamblin Wang representing Australia (and the ANU) at Davos together with Professor Brian Schmidt (12th Vice-Chancellor), the Hon Julie Bishop (13th Vice-Chancellor) and Distinguished Professor Genevieve Bell.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    24 January 2020:

    Sophia participates at Davos2020

    Capturing carbon emissions could yield the equivalent of 50 billion tonnes in manufactured goods. How can large emitters raise their carbon productivity to meet business and climate goals? Chief Operating Officer Sophia Hamblin Wang joins the panel discussion in Davos, Switzerland.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    19 January 2020:

    Sophia featured in the New York Times

    Sophia discusses her expectations for the WEF 2020, where she will take part in a panel discussion titled Building
    a New Carbon conomy
    Paywalled for non-subscribers.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    18 January 2020:

    MCi on world stage
    at Davos

    Our COO and carbon solution evangelist, Sophia Hamblin Wang, is featured as an upcoming participant of the World Economic Forum 2020.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    22 Sept 2019:

    Sophia appointed as Representative for inaugural UN Youth Climate Summit

    Sophia will be joining a select group of 500 world-leading youth involved in solutions and initiatives that address climate change. The 2-day summit hosted in New York will be held ahead of the UN Climate Change Summit.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    30 July 2019:

    CO2 product industry valued at $US1 trillion

    Imaging turning the CO2 from steel and concrete production into something useful, like sustainable building materials. That’s the role that emerging technologies could play in meeting our emission reduction targets, as The Fifth Estate heard at the Siemens Digitalise conference in Brisbane heard.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    June 2019:

    CO2 Value Australia launch

    MCi has contributed to the formation of an advocacy group designed to advance the awareness of Australia's emerging CO2 utilisation industry. CVA will takes its lead from the European equivalent group CO2 Value Europe which has more than 70 members throughout Europe.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    April 2019:

    GreenMag Group buyout UON shareholding as MCi prepares for capital raise

    As MCi progresses toward its first industrial demonstration plant, founding shareholder GreenMag has bought out the University of Newcastle's shareholding for an undisclosed sum. Preparations are being made for the July 2019 private investment opening.
    UON continues to be a valued research partner.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    19 March 2019:

    MCi presents to general assembly of CO2 Value Europe (CVE) in Cologne

    MCi presents its progress to members of the CVE forum in Cologne Germany. This group is building the momentum for CO2 solutions in industry which reduce emissions whilst creating economic value.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    December 2018:

    MCi completed 5 year pilot plant program

    MCi has successfully completed its 5-year program to build and test its first-of-a-kind research pilot reactors. It continues to progress its follow-on research, funded by CRC-P grants. MCi is currently developing designs
    for demonstration plants and advanced materials development.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    25 June 2018:

    MCi: award: Resource Innovator of the Year

    MCi wins first place in the
    Global Raw Material Summit in Berlin. COO Sophia Hamblin Wang represented MCi at this year's competition by pitching against other leading solutions in chemical engineering for new materials technologies.

    CEO Marcus Dawe and COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with Officials from Symposium.

    16 April 2018:

    2nd Australia-Japan Symposium on Carbon Resource Utilisation

    MCi COO Sophia Hamblin Wang presents the initial outline for an Australian carbon industry network to be formed to assist in aligning industry with the participants and solutions in the carbon value chain.

    CEO Marcus Dawe, Minister Don Harwin, GreenMag Chair John Beever

    25 August 2017:

    Public Unveiling of MCi Latest Pilot Plant

    NSW Minister Don Harwin at public unveiling of MCi’s latest semi-continuous pilot plant.

    18 August 2017:

    Beyond Zero Emissions book launch

    BZE’s launch of ‘Rethinking Cement’. CEO Marcus Dawe presented MCi’s technology as a solution to carbon utilisation in cements to audience.

    20 July 2017:

    Presenting at ICCU15 in Shanghai

    15th International Conference on CO2 Utilisation in Shanghai : CTO Mark Rayson talks about MCi’s technology as a solution to carbon utilisation.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    1 July 2017:

    R&D program expands with CRC-P grant

    MCi kicks off its next project with a $2.4m grant and shareholder contributions. The 3-year program will extend research with the UON and Orica, to support the integration of simulated flue gases containing CO2 from industrial sources into the pilot plant.

    20 June 2017:


    CEO Marcus Dawe discusses MCi's technology, as a solution for carbon utilisation, at the Global CCS Institute
    Asia Pacific Forum.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    2 March 2017:

    First experimental carbonate bricks created

    MCi creates its first experimental building materials, developed from the bulk carbonates produced by its latest semi-continuous plant (which is now commissioned).

  • Presentations and Papers

    Our CEO's TEDx Talk

    In 2013 MCi co-founder and CEO Marcus Dawe presented to TEDX
    our founding principle:
    What to do with CO2.

    One of our latest public research papers

    This 2018 study on mineral carbonation looks at heat activated lizardite at pilot and laboratory scale.

  • Contact us

    To help us direct your query or comments, please include your details and a short message.

    Head Office: Canberra
    Research HQ: Newcastle
    9:00am to 6:00pm AEST
    +61 419 722 386
  • Connect with us

    Stay up-to-date on MCi's work by following us on social media.