• MCi is a carbon utilisation company developing a platform for converting CO2 into valuable industrial products.

    Mineral Carbonation International (MCi)


    An Australian led carbon engineering technology initiative for transforming CO2 emissions from any industrial source into valuable bulk materials

    for use in various building and construction products and high tech applications.

    This is carbon utilisation.


    We have developed an adaptable and scalable platform to help decarbonise industries like steel, cement, chemicals, manufacturing and mining. We offer a solution to industry that does not require a price on carbon, offsets or subsidies. This is a techno-economic breakthrough.


    With industrial partners we are developing novel low carbon applications for cements, mortars, plasterboards, binders and emerging climate adaptation and carbon engineering products.


    We are locking CO2 away for good.


    In 2019 we commenced commercialising our 7 year research pilot plant program funded by Australian Governments and Industry. Now with solid techno/economic validation of our technology, we are engaging with global customers and industrial partners seeking a carbon platform to reduce their CO2 emissions economically.


  • The MCi Research Pilot Plant Team at University of Newcaastle

    MCi and Carbon Utilisation

    Mineral Carbonation International (MCi) is an Australian based privately held company which is developing technology for carbon utilisation (CU). Its priority is to develop the technology platform for large scale transformation of CO2 into valuable products by combining with minerals or waste streams through an accelerated natural process called mineral carbonation.

    Now as we scale this would assist as a transition technology for the major emitting industries as they move away from high carbon emissions to sustainable energy mixes and near zero carbon emissions.

    It is estimated that the market for carbon utilisation in industry is US$1Trillion in the US and US$6Trillion globally.

    Source: Carbon180

  • Dr Geoff Brent, Dr. Klaus Lackner and CEO Marcus Dawe at Columbia University

    Our Story

    MCi was founded in 2013 after 6 years of independent research by its founders GreenMag Group and Orica. The Australian Commonwealth and NSW Governments committed $AUD3.04m in grants to the MCi program following public funding processes which were matched by Orica Ltd as the industry funder who also committed $AUD3.04m.

    MCi's headquarters are in Canberra and its research and technical facilities are located at NIER (Newcastle Institute for Energy Research) where it operates its pilot plant facility.

    In 2017 MCi won further Commonwealth Government funding towards an $AUD8.3m program to advance the pilot program towards industrial applications by taking CO2 from raw flue gas as a CO2 capture process path from cement and steel industries as well as fossil fuel energy generators.

    Now with solid techno-economics and a substantial portfolio of IP, MCi is commercialising its technology.

  • Launch Video

    Our launch video from 2013 explains the mineral carbonation process...

    Mineral carbonation is a natural process, we are accelerating it to store more CO2 safely and permanently for good.

  • News

    Major Milestones and News Events in the recent past

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    4 May 2020:

    Sophia chats with podcast host Osher Gunsberg

    Osher Gunsberg has an in-depth conversation with Sophia about a range of topics directly related to the establishment of MCi as a clean technology company, how she came to the business and built her capacity as Chief Operations Officer, the early R&D phase and her observations of the carbon capture and utilisation field. She also reflects on the trends occurring in the international business community, including the need to become more innovative and disruptive.

    Interview begins from timecode 14:30.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    2 May 2020:

    MCi featured on Sky News

    Sophia continues to be in demand with the national and international press. Check out her latest interview with Sky News.  

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    20 March 2020:

    Sophia and MCi featured as cover story in THE DEAL magazine

    Technology Editor David Swan interviews Sophia about her path to becoming COO of MCi and the potential for carbon utilisation technology.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    26 January 2020:

    Australia Day at Davos2020

    Our COO Sophia Hamblin Wang representing Australia (and the ANU) at Davos together with Professor Brian Schmidt (12th Vice-Chancellor), the Hon Julie Bishop (13th Vice-Chancellor) and Distinguished Professor Genevieve Bell.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    24 January 2020:

    MCi COO Sophia Hamblin Wang participates at Davos2020

    Capturing carbon emissions could yield the equivalent of 50 billion tonnes in manufactured goods. How can large emitters raise their carbon productivity to meet business and climate goals? Chief Operating Officer Sophia Hamblin Wang joins the panel discussion in Davos, Switzerland.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    19 January 2020:

    MCi COO Sophia Hamblin Wang interviewed by New York Times

    Sophia discusses her expectations for the World Economic Forum 2020, where she will take part in a panel discussion on 24 January titled Building a New Carbon Economy.

    Paywalled for non-subscribers.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    18 January 2020:

    MCi on world stage at Davos

    Our COO and carbon solution evangelist Sophia Hamblin Wang attending the World Economic Forum in Davos 2020. Read TIME Magazine article..

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    Sept 22 2019:

    MCi's COO Sophia Hamblin Wang selected by UN as youth representative to inaugural Youth Climate Summit in New York

    Around 500 of the world's most active youth working on solutions and initiatives addressing climate change were invited by the United Nations to attend the 2 day summit in New York ahead of the UN Climate Change Summit 2019. Sophia is recognised from her work with MCi, Global Shapers, and newly formed CO2 Value Australia as an accomplished youth leader and an emerging Australian figure and commentator on industry sustainability and adaptation to low carbon pathways.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    July 30 2019:

    A trillion dollar industry emerging to convert CO2 into useful products

    Imagine turning the CO2 from steel and cement into something useful, such as more building materials. That’s the role that emerging technologies could play in meeting our emission reduction targets, as The Fifth Estate heard at the Siemens Digitalise conference in Brisbane heard last week.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    June 2019:

    CO2 Value Australia or 'CVA' is launched with MCi as a foundation shareholder

    MCi amongst several other organisations has formed an advocacy group in Australia called CO2 Value Australia or CVA. This organisation is advancing the awareness of the emerging field of CO2 utilisation in industry and the economy and following the lead from the European equivalent group CO2 Value Europe which now has over 70 members. CVA website is http://www.co2value.org.au

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    April 2019:

    GreenMag Group buyout University Newcastle shareholding as MCi prepares for capital raise

    Now with solid techno-economics, MCi is progressing towards its first industrial demonstration plants showing it can create value out of CO2 and reduce emissions in industry with its climate mitigation technology. In preparation for industry and private investment opening in July 2019, the founding shareholder GreenMag Group has bought out the University of Newcastle shareholding for an undisclosed sum. University of Newcastle continue to be a valued research partner.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    March 19 2019:

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang presents to general assembly of CO2 Value Europe (CVE) in Cologne

    MCi presents it progress to members of the CVE forum in Cologne Germany. This group is building the momentum for CO2 solutions in industry which reduce emissions whilst creating economic value.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    December 2018:

    MCi completed 5 year pilot plant program

    MCi has successfully completed its funded 5 year program to build and test its first of a kind research pilot reactors. It continues to progress its follow on research funded with the Commonwealth CRC-P grants which now see it progressing towards designs for demonstration plants and advanced materials development.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    June 25 2018:

    MCi named Resource Innovator of the Year in Berlin

    MCi wins first place in Global Raw Material Summit in Berlin in June 2018. COO Sophia Hamblin Wang represented MCi in this year's competition pitching against other leading solutions in chemical engineering for new materials technologies.

    CEO Marcus Dawe and COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with Officials from Symposium.

    April 16 2018:

    2nd Australia-Japan Symposium on Carbon Resource Utilisation

    MCi COO Sophia Hamblin Wang presents the initial outline for an Australian carbon industry network  to be formed to assist in aligning industry with the participants and solutions in the carbon value chain.

    CEO Marcus Dawe, Minister Don Harwin, GreenMag Chair John Beever

    August 25 2017:

    Public Unveiling of MCi Latest Pilot Plant

    NSW Minister Don Harwin at public unveiling of MCi’s latest semi-continuous pilot plant.

    August 18 2017:

    Beyond Zero Emissions book launch

    BZE’s launch of ‘Rethinking Cement’. CEO Marcus Dawe talks about MCi’s technology as a solution to carbon utilisation in cements to audience.

    July 20 2017:

    Presenting at ICCU15 in Shanghai

    15th International Conference on CO2 Utilisation in Shanghai : CTO Mark Rayson talks about MCi’s technology as a solution to carbon utilisation.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    July 1 2017:

    MCi extends R&D program for another 3 years with Commonwealth Government funding from CRC-P grant and shareholders

    MCi through its major shareholder and chemical engineering partner Orica, kicks off its next $AUD8.3m project funded by the Commonwealth through a competitive CRC-P grant of $AUD2.4m and shareholder contributions to further extend the MCi technology platform. This 3 year program will extend research with the University of Newcastle and Orica to support the build and integration of simulated flue gases containing CO2 from industrial sources into the pilot plant. Industries with CO2 flue gas streams such as cement and steel manufacturing, as well as fossil fuel based power plants are being investigated. Not requiring pure compressed CO2 would substantially reduce the cost of the CO2 capture and allow for wider adoption of the MCi platform in industry as they seek to lower their own carbon emissions through economical solutions for carbon utilisation.

    June 20 2017:


    Global CCS Institute Asia Pacific Forum: CEO Marcus Dawe talks about MCi’s technology as a solution to carbon utilisation.

    COO Sophia Hamblin Wang with an experimental carbon cement building block

    March 2 2017:

    First experimental carbonate bricks created

    MCi creates first experimental building materials from bulk carbonates produced from its latest semi-continuous plant which is now commissioned.

  • Our Technology

    MCi's carbon reactor

    Technology Platform

    MCi has now designed and built three carbon reactor systems including its flagship, a purpose built generalised continuous research pilot plant. It was publicly launched by the NSW Minister for Energy and Resources along with industry and climate change think tanks and national media in July 2017.

    This is the first such build of a purpose designed research pilot plant for CO2 mineral carbonation beyond laboratory scale in the world. Importantly it has allowed us to progress the science and engineering towards establishing the commercial feasibility of mineral carbonation as a carbon utilisation solution for industry without the need for a carbon price.

    Read New Scientist Article

    First experimental cement bricks produced with CO2 in MCi's process

    Our Approach

    Developing a large scale solution to climate change requires sponsors and stakeholder support in government, industry, research, media and the public interest. Our Team is multidisciplinary and draws on talents in research, chemical engineering, policy, business, communications and management. We have been methodically moving through the technology readiness cycle (TRL), innovating, experimenting, designing, building and testing. We are focussed on reducing technical risks and developing the economic models that would allow for the wide spread adoption for our technology globally.

    Our Progress

    With generous funding and investment we have a dedicated Team advised by the best minds in our field and a program peer reviewed by our governments. We have been developing our technology platform for 11 years and focussed the last 5 years on our pilot plant program. We are now progressing with another 3 year funding agreement with the Commonwealth and our partners.

    We are now aiming to have a design for a demonstration plant that could process 15,00-25,000 tonnes per annum of CO2. This would then scale roughly every 3 years to a further 10 fold scale increase in capacity. Ultimately a scale of 2 million tonnes of CO2 processed per plant is planned with our technology.

    Pilot Plant is located in Newcastle Australia.

    Our IP

    MCi developed its program under research commercial secrecy. This has enabled us to build considerable knowhow in the newly emerging field of carbon utilisation. We have investigated many process routes including those with favourable economics into our technology stack.

    All our IP is backed by lifecycle analysis and industry economic models. Our research and technology has been developed under the observation and peer review of our government and industry funders.

    We have several patents awarded and provisionally protected patents, however much of our technology stack and know-how is not disclosed.

  • Work With Us

    Signing of a partnership in Singapore with ACT Chief Minister Andrew Barr officiating.

    Industry Partners

    We are seeking partnerships with industrial companies in building products, cement, steel, engineering, power, waste processing, oil & gas, chemicals/ explosives & mining industries. Our technology can create valuable products for industry from CO2 / flue gas streams using mineral feedstocks. We are developing pre-feasibility studies for regional solutions.

    Contact us if you would like to discuss an opportunity to partner.

    We have the capability to carbonate many source feedstock materials on large scale (kgs/tonnes) to allow for new products to be developed through carbonation and can validate lab scale tests at scale to assess the techno/economic viability of a new material or product into market.

    Our researchers

    Our Researchers

    Our core research team is based at the University of Newcastle in Australia. Our lead investigators, post-docs, and PhD students continue to work on the fundamental research themes that support our technology development. Our industrial scientists, process and chemical engineers bring industrial rigor, experience and implementation science to the pilot plant. We work with many other research organisations who have complementary themes that may assist in adoption of our solutions for global customers. University of Sydney, Columbia University and A*Star in Singapore are some key collaborators in our technology development.

    ACEME delgates at pilot plant visit in 2018

    Carbon Utilisation Field

    The question asked with carbon utilisation is not "How much does it cost to store a tonne of CO2 away?" rather "How much value can we create from a tonne of CO2 - on scale?"

    Advanced carbonation is now becoming a seriously researched and developed field as it differentiates itself as a technology for carbon utilisation. This is completely different from the CCS / geo-sequestration technology field.

    Our scientific field is attracting funding from many governments including UK, EU, Canada, Singapore, Finland, Holland, South Africa and now China. The recent 2018 International ACEME Conference in Australia brought the world's lead researchers together to share our progress.

    Our funders and collaborators at public unveiling


    We welcome all solutions to CO2 Utilisation. Without collaboration there is no market. Some of the first entrants into the market are complimentary to MCi's platform such as Carbon8 in the UK which is processing air pollution residues into aggregates profitably. This is a pollution management solution but still uses CO2 as the transforming agent in the process.

    Many cement and concrete solutions are now being developed through CO2 Utilisation.


    We believe climate solutions must have and maintain social license from the inception. We engage with many of the environmental groups and think tanks globally and provide briefings to them, governments and industry on the lifecycle impact of our technology platform to decarbonise industry and create value.

    Contact us if you wish to discuss our environmental and sustainability agenda for our technology development.

  • Our Team

    Marcus Dawe

    CEO & Managing Director

    :: GreenMag Group CEO & Co-Founder

    Jez Smith

    Non-executive Chairman

    :: Orica Chief Scientist (Emeritus)

    Uwe Boettcher

    Non-executive Board Director

    :: Legal Counsel

    Sophia Hamblin Wang

    MCi Chief Operating Officer (COO) and

    Climate Sustainability Evangelist

    Dr. Mark Rayson

    MCi Chief Technology Officer (CTO)

    :: Orica Senior Scientist and Chemical Engineer

    Dr. Geoff Brent

    MCi Chief Scientist

    :: Orica Senior Scientist and Chemical Engineer

    Jan-Dirk Prigge

    Chief Engineer

    Scott Molloy

    Technical Consultant

    Andrew Wells

    MCi Chief Financial Officer & Company Secretary

  • Presentations

    What we are saying publicly

    Our CEO's TEDx Talk

    Our technology journey explained when we secured our funding and founded MCi in 2013.

    See the TEDx talk on What to do with CO2 by MCi co-founder and CEO Marcus Dawe.

    One of our latest public research papers 2018

    Study on mineral carbonation of heat activated lizardite at pilot and laboratory scale

  • Contact Us

    To help us direct your questions, comments or interest please tell us your details.

    Global Office: Canberra
    Research HQ: NIER, Newcastle
    9am - 6pm AEST
    +61 419 722 386